Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the People’s Republic of China. The city is also known by an older English-language name, Canton. It is a port on the Pearl River, navigable to the South Chiana Sea, and is located about 120km north-west of Hong Kong. As of the 2000 census, the city has a population of 6 million, and a metropolitan population of 12.6 million, making it the most populous city in the province and the third most populous metropolitan area in China.
With the Guangzhou Metro opened in 1999, Guangzhou is the fourth city in China to build an underground railway system. Currently there are seven lines in operation, an ambitions plan to expand rapidly with four lines is under construction and seven lines are being planned.Guangzhou‘s main airport is the New Baiyun International Airport in Huadu District, that opened on August 2004 replacing old Baiyun International Airport and more close to the city centre.
According to popular legend, God of Rams stole the five cereals(rice, two kinds of millet, wheat and beans）from the Imperial Field of the Jade Emperor and brought them to the world. They gave up their lives for justice and brought fruitful cereals to Guangzhou. Therefore, Guangzhou was nemed after this beautiful legend as Ram City and Cereals City. Five-Ram Status on Yuexiu Mountain is a very important symbol of Guangzhou. And people’s remember them as embodiment of luck and happiness.
Guangzhou has a humid, hot sub-tropical climate. Annual average temperature is 21.8 degrees. Autumn, from October to December, is very moderate, cool and windy, and is the best travel time. There ate many tourist attractions arround the city which include:
Chen Clan Academy
Zhongshan 7 Lu (Metro 1 Chen Jia Ci – Exit D). This is very well preserved architecture from the 19th century. It used to belong to a wealthy family by the name of Chen and now houses many articles including ivory sculptures and artistic statues. (Admission ￥10)
Shamian Island/Shameen Island
The buildings and streets of the former British and French concession on Shamian Island have been beautifully renovated, creating an oasis of tranquility in an otherwise bustling and hectic metropolis. One of the old structures is Our Lady of Lourdes Chapel, located at 14 Shamian Street. Attractions on the island are all free. As an island, Shamian is not particularly spectacular, but what makes it special that for several hundred years this tiny spit of land was the only place in all of China that Europeans could establish settlements. The architecture reflects that era, and it has a very unique atmosphere. (Metro 1 Huang Sha – Exit D)
Guangdong Provincial Museum
Western Han Nanyue King Museum
Nanyue Royal Tomb Museum, 867 Jiefang Bei Lu, (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Gong Yuan) – Across from Yuexiu park. This is a tomb of a king of ancient South China. 9AM-5:30PM. Admission is ￥12)
Temple of the Six Banyan Trees
Liurong Temple, 87 Liurong Lu (Metro 1 Gong Yuan Qian – Exit I)– The Temple of Six Banyan Trees, which includes the 17 story, eight-sided Hua Ta, or Flowering Pagoda, is one of the most popular attractions in Guangzhou. The temple dates back to the 6th century, while the pagoda predates it by about 300 years. Admission ￥5, Flower Pagoda ￥10.
Shishi Sacred Heart Catholic Cathedral
Shishi Sacred Heart Catholic Cathedral, in front of 56 Yide Lu (Metro 2 Hai Zhu Guang Chang). It is one of the oldest church structures in the city, and the largest of its kind of Southern China. It is currently in use for worship. Visiting hours are limited to Sun from 7AM-6PM. Free admission.
Huangpu Military Academy
Army Officer Institute is a new-type school found by Dr.Sun Yat-sen in 1924 with the help of the Community Party of China and the Soviet Union. Although its name has been changed for several times, the school has been known generally “Huangpu Military Academy” due to its initial location on Changzhou Island, Huangpu Guangzhou Distric .
Huangpu Military Academy is on Changzhou Island. It was founded in 1924 by Sun Yat-sen, along with the Chinese Communist Party at the time. Many famous Chinese war heroes were trained here. Admission ￥15.
The Baiyun Mountain
Baiyun Mountain is a great place to relax and enjoy a day among lush, rolling hills. It also offers great views over the city. The road to the top is restricted to park trams and pedestrians. To get to the top lookout point, you can use the main roads or trails. There are many places to rest and refreshments are available along the way. It is a great place to see people enjoying nature and playing games, such as badminton, football (soccer) and even bungie jumping. There are many bus routes to and from different parts of the city, as well as taxis usually available near the park gate. Open 6AM-7PM. Park entrance ￥5. Cable car round trip is ￥40, tram from ￥20. Other attractions ￥5-￥10)
Huadu Square is a park-cum-recreation square located in the north part the city and near the government office buildings of Huadu District. The square incorporates, among other attractions, an outdoor theater, large fountain, outdoor dance area and statues. There is a large grass area that is similar to a Western style meadow and a subtropical forest and ornamental flower beds.
Xiguan Residence (Metro 1, Chang Shou Lu)– See the traditional Cantonese architectures from ancient Guangzhou. This structure was occupied by the upper class.
Peasant Movement Institute
Peasant Movement Institute 42 Zhongshan 4 Lu(Metro 1, Nong Jiang Suo Exit C). This is the original site of Communist training center founded by Mao Tse-tung in the 1920s. Now it is a museum covering the recent China revolutionary history. Open 9AM-4:30PM Tue-Sat.
Xiangjiang Wild Animal Safari Park
Xiangjiang Wild Animal Safari Park is in Panyu district. Admission is ￥150.
Guangzhou Martyrs’ Memorial Garden
Guangzhou Martyrs’ Memorial Garden is located in Zhongshan 2 Lu Metro 1 Martyrs’ Park Station Exit D) – This park is dedicated to those who fought and died in the Communist Uprising in 1927.
Lianhua Shan (Lotus Mountain)features an impressive quarry from which red sand stones were mined about 2,000 years ago, a pagoda from 1612, and a barrack from 1664. The obligatory statue of Guanyin, the Buddhist Goddess of compassion, at the side of the Buddhist temple is also not to be missed. From Guangzhou, take bus 308 or 302 and exchange bus at Panyu.The bus takes about two hours and costs ￥14. There is a ferry service from Guangzhou at Tianzi Pier at Beijing Lu Nan for ￥25. The boat leaves at 8:15AM and returns at 3:15PM. Admission is ￥30.
Yuntai Garden(Tour Bus No. 1, 3)is situated at the foot of Baiyun (White Cloud) Mountain and is famous for its wide variety of rare flowers and trees. Every year there is a beautiful 3-D flower exhibit. During this period, admission is ￥20, but it is well worth it. Admission is ￥10.
Chime-Long Paradise is a major amusement park in Panyu District,Guangzhou. Opened in April 2006, Chime-Long Paradise covers an area of 1 million square meters and includes over 70 rides and attractions. Admission: Adult:￥180 Children:￥155
Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall
words “天下爲公” mean “All under heaven are equal”.
Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall(Metro 2 Ji Nian Tang – Exit C) located on Dongfeng Zhong Lu, is dedicated to the founder of the Republic of China and local hero Dr. Sun Yat-Sen. It was constructed in 1931 and built on the original site of Sun Yat-sen’s presidential office on Yuexiu Hill. Oopen 8AM-6PM. Admission is free for the park and ￥10 to go inside the hall.
Canton Tower (also known as Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower is a tower near Chigang Pagoda, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It was topped-out in 2009 and became operational on September 29, 2010 for the 2010 Asian Games
The Canton Tower(also called Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower) is the second tallest structure in the world after Burj Dubai in Dubai, UAE. The Canton Tower is designed by the Dutch architects Mark Hemel and Barbara Kuit of Information Based Architecture together with engineers Arup, the international design, engineering and business consulting firm headquartered in London, UK. 2004 Information Based Architecture and Arup won the international competition, in which many of the world’s larger architectural offices participated. The same year the IBA – Arup team in Amsterdam developed the tower’s concept design. In later stages IBA cooperated mainly with the local Chinese offices of Arup and a Local Design Institute. The tower although not fully completed yet is since 1 October 2010 open to the public. For a long time the city-government of Guangzhou wavered to decide on the Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower’s name. On 29 September 2010 finally came the decision. On this day it was officially announced that it was simply going to be called Canton Tower, after the city’s former name.
Largest Sunflower Garden—“Million Sunflowers Subject Park” (Issued in Aug, 2002) Amount: one million Area: 260 thousand m2 Invested by Guangzhou city sunflower development Ltd. Corporation 、 planted on May 1 2002 and opened to people on Apr 26, “Million Sunflowers” Subject Park lied in newly cultivated fifteen Yong Fanyu section Guangzhou city, and the seeds of sunflowers planted in the park for viewing and admiring were imported.
TeeMall Shopping Center
Eating in Guangzhou
Steamed Rice Rolls
Cantonese sponge cake
“Eating in Guangzhou” has become a popular saying both at home and abroad. Guangzhou ranks first in the number of restaurants and tea-houses in the country. Cantonese cuisine is good in color, fragrance, taste and presentation. In addition, the delicate Cantonese pastry is also well-known for its wide range of varieties, delicious flavor and beautiful color. Cantonese cuisine is among the most famous four in the country.